What happens to the skin as we age:
We are all too familiar with the process of ageing, fine lines at the corners of the eyes, expression lines forming, the appearance of lines and wrinkles in the neck and the forehead, general loss of elasticity, pigmented spots and broken capillaries.
When we are young, we all enjoy smooth and supple skin, but as we age the visible changes that can be seen as we age, are influenced from both intrinsic and extrinsic factors.
The natural ageing process also known as intrinsic ageing is mostly determined by our genetics together with our general health.
The extrinsic factors that affect how we age includes environmental factors such as over sun exposure, air pollution, prolonged exposure to wind, cold, air-conditioning, poor treatment of the skin, stress or lifestyle habits such as smoking which can all lead to cumulative damage to the skin, with exposure to ultra voilet radiation being the major factor causing premature ageing of the skin, called photo ageing, and while we can’t stop the natural ageing process, we can learn how to manage and minimise signs of premature ageing caused by exposure to the elements.
Major skin changes caused by intrinsic ageing:
The skin becomes thinner:
As we age our metabolism slows down and the cell renewal process also slows down and becomes less efficient. The time needed to renew the outermost layer of the skin (epidermis) takes twenty days in young adults and as we age the time needed to renew the surface of the skin can take much longer, often taking as long as fifty days in older adults. This means there is a much slower replacement of cells on the surface of the skin and also slower would healing. This in turns results in the development of dead skin cells piling up in areas that renders the skin dull and rough in appearance. Skin will become visibly thinner and more fragile. On top of this, the fatty layer of the skin also becomes thinner which also means less protection for the skin. Add extra fatty acids onto the skin with the Age Corrective Balm to have a counter effect.
Collagen fibres start to break down:
Collagen fibres often thicken and collect together into clumps which is really what a wrinkle looks like. When you are young the collagen forms a fibrous structure, in an organised pattern which supports the internal structure of the skin and keeps it looking smooth and firm. Changes in collagen due to the natural ageing process is characterised by the thickening of collagen fibres and when they become thick and disorganised, they clump together which leads to the formation of wrinkles. Best product to help regenerate the collagen fibres is the Age Corrective Serum.
Sagging of skin:
Elastin fibres main function is to give the skin elasticity and resiliency which means that it can withstand stretching and moving and then easily return to its original shape. Elastin fibres form a loose mesh under the skin surface and as you age the elastin fibres thicken and tighten up which leads to sagging especially noticeable around the jaw line and this becomes worse as the skin ages. Unfortunately, when the elastin fibres start to break down, the best way to keep the skin firmed up is facial exercise.
Skin becomes dryer:
The skin loses its ability to retain moisture and it becomes dryer as we age. This is partly due to the gradual decline in the activity of sebaceous glands and their ability to produce the oil we need to keep the skin looking supple. It becomes especially apparent after menopause in women. Sebaceous glands produce the skin’s natural oil known also as sebum, this oil together with natural fatty acids form a lipid layer on top of the skin that serves as barrier preventing the loss of water through the skin. A decrease in production of sebum will not only lead to dryer skin but cause the skin to become dehydrated which in turn can cause the skin to be sensitive. Use the Age Corrective Facial Balm underneath your moisturiser to counteract the dryness.
Complexion becomes sallow:
As we age, our blood circulation slows down and the number of blood and lymphatic vessels in the skin reduces. Nutrients and oxygen essential to the healthy appearance of the skin are not brought as quickly to the underlying tissues as happens in our younger years and also waste products and toxins are not removed as efficiently. This can result in the complexion looking more yellowish in colour and a pallor that give the skin an unhealthy look. Lightly massage the skin daily when you are applying your Age Corrective Cream to help improve the circulation and drainage.
Skin changes that are caused by extrinsic ageing:
Premature appearance of fine lines and wrinkles due to sun damage:
Cumulative sun exposure to ultraviolet radiation can cause significant damage to the skin tissues and cells. The UVB rays are responsible for sunburn and tanning and the UVA light can penetrate deeper into the skin tissues causing damage to the collagen and elastin fibres leading to the skin losing its strength and elasticity so both UVA and UVB are responsible to fine lines and wrinkles appearing. That is why your sun protection should include protection against both UVA and UVB.
Pigmentation spots as a result of cumulative sun damage:
Although tanning of the skin is the result of sun exposure and leads to the skin darkening in colour, it is actually a natural skin mechanism to protect itself from the solar radiation. Melanocyte cells in the epidermis produce melanin, which is a pigment with dark colour that makes the skin go darker. The melanin in turn provides the skin with protection against further damage from ultra violet light. Although the darkening of the skin is a protective mechanism, the amount of melanin produced by the melanocytes is not enough to provide skin with adequate levels of sun protection and repeated exposure to the sun will lead to long term damage. Some damage appears in the form of uneven distribution of pigment in the skin resulting in darker freckling on the skin which can look uneven. If you are already at the stage that you have pigmentation spots showing up, use the Age Corrective Balm daily under your moisturiser to keep them at bay. Also, include a Spf everyday to stop them from getting worse. They cant darken any more if the sun is not getting to them.
Sagging of the skin due to sun damage:
Prolonged exposure to the sun causes damage in the form of deterioration of the quality of collagen and elastin fibres. The skin loses its elasticity and strength and this combined with the loss of subcutaneous fatty tissue due to chronological ageing can lead to skin sagging and wrinkles to appear. The loosened skin together with gravity pulls the skin down causing an aged look. To help prevent this, massage the skin regularly and exercise.
Redness and broken capillaries due to sun damage:
Ongoing exposure to the wind, cold and sun damages the delicate blood vessels in the skin, especially if the skin is fair in colour and prone to sensitivity. The blood vessels become more fragile and enlarged, causing the fine capillaries to leak out between the skin layers and become visible as red blotchiness. Mist on the Age Corrective Mist after cleansing morning and evening to keep the skin hydrated and calm before you apply your Age Corrective serum, balm or cream.
The skin becomes dryer due to the elements:
Excessive exposure to the weather and heating dries out the skin. When there is constant stress on the skin over a prolonged period of time, the skin’s health and quality is affected and the skin becomes dehydrated and dryer in texture. Use the Age Corrective Facial Mist after cleansing morning and evening to rehydrate and then the Age Corrective Serum before you apply your much needed essential fatty acids in the form of the Age Corrective Balm. This daily routine will ensure that your essential needs are included to help delay the onset of lines and wrinkles caused by the extrinsic factors together with a healthy diet and lifestyle, and if you are lucky, a few good genes thrown in to minimise the intrinsic ageing factors.
To buy the Age Corrective Skincare CLICK HERE